CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has some very informative packets on the prevention of sexual violence, teen dating violence, child abuse and more. I wanted to share some information from the sexual violence prevention packet with you….
**Sexual violence is referred to as SV
“SV is a serious public health problem that affects millions of people each year. SV involves a range of acts including attempted or completed forced or alcohol/drug facilitated penetration (i.e., rape), being made to penetrate someone else, verbal (non-physical) pressure that results in unwanted penetration (i.e., sexual coercion), unwanted sexual contact (e.g., fondling), and non-contact unwanted sexual experiences (e.g., verbal harassment, voyeurism).
SV starts early in the lifespan. Among women reporting a history of completed rape, 40% first experienced it before age 18, with more than 28% indicating they were first raped between the ages of 11 and 17; among men who were made to penetrate someone, 71% first experienced this before the age of 25, and 21.3% experienced this before the age of 18.3 While adolescence seems to be a period of high risk, college may also be a particularly vulnerable time. In a large, cross-sectional survey of campus sexual assault, 20% of the undergraduate women indicated that they had been a victim of SV since beginning college.
SV is associated with several risk and protective factors. Risk for SV perpetration is influenced by a range of factors, including characteristics of the individual and their social and physical environments. These factors interact with one another to increase or decrease risk for SV over time and within specific contexts. Examples of key risk factors for SV perpetration include a history of child physical abuse, exposure to parental violence, involvement in delinquent behavior, acceptance of violence, hyper-masculinity, traditional gender role norms, excessive alcohol use, early sexual initiation and sexual risk-taking behavior (e.g., sex without a condom), and association with sexually-aggressive peer groups. Poverty or low socioeconomic status, gender inequality, exposure to community crime and violence, social norms supportive of SV and male sexual entitlement, and weak laws and policies related to SV are also risk factors for SV perpetration. Less is known about protective factors—that is, factors that decrease or buffer the risk for SV. However, the evidence suggests that greater empathy, emotional health and connectedness, academic achievement, and having parents who use reasoning to resolve family conflicts are associated with a lower risk of SV perpetration.”